Tag Archives: Environment

Malthus is true but needs Revision

Thomas Robert Mathus theory, “Principle of Population” proposed that human population grows exponentially,while food production grows at an arithmetic rate.

Malthus theory has been questioned by many and there exist many critique for the same. Malthus theory’s final result targets towards the available food for the population, but in reality this theory needs revision, there needs to be added other factors.

Population Growth+Energy Demand+Environmental Degradation together will bring the final output i.e. decreased availability of quality and real food.

Quality & Real Food, is it really available today, genetic research has led to genetically modified crops, which are drought and bug resistant, need less water; this all sounds good, but what about the production and distribution.

Further, these days there are lot of synthetic food products in the market, so no quality food here.

Environment: Ambient Air & Water Pollution

Measuring both, ambient air conditions, effluent discharge to river bodies is critically important. Industrial pollution mainly consists of Sox,Nox,CO & SPM as air pollutants and measurement of BOD (Biological Oxygen Demand), COD(Chemical Oxygen Demand) as critical in terms of water quality measurement.

These days almost all countries have pollution Control Boards,whose sole task is to keep a vigil on pollutants discharged into the environment. It is the pollution boards that prescribes different standards based on new and old installation and also on the types of fuel being used.

Central Pollution Control Board, CPCB , cpcb.nic.in is a nodal agency in India for pollution related efforts. A previous going initiative, which was to provide online data of pollution measurement to pollution boards has picked up and industries to bound provide the data to cpcb and also operate within the limits provided by cpcb.

Will we Loose the Antarctic?

A Research published in nature has revealed that a jump in global average temperatures of 1.5°C-2°C will see the collapse of Antarctic ice shelves and will subsequently lead to hundreds and even thousands of years of sea level rise.
Around 90% of the heat from global warming has gone into the ocean, and because of this ocean warming antarctic ice sheets, also known as ice shelves are in danger. Melting of these ice shelves will results in a substantial increase approximately 40 cm rise by the year 2100. (See Here)

Movies like Core, Day After Tomorrow, & 2012 are there to Teach us before its Late…

We have had some wonderful science movies or I should rather say future reality science movies.
We have the movie core where one country’s attempts to make a dangerous weapon results in the core of the earth to stop spinning and that means no more magnetic field and no atmosphere on Earth. And without the atmosphere instead of the healthy Vitamin D we have the harmful UV rays.
Next,we had the Day after Tomorrow, where our acts lead to a change in North-Atlantic current leading to a major global weather anomaly. This weather anomaly was leading towards towards a new ice age. The Vice President of United States in the movie said, ” The world economy is pretty fragile”. Yes, it is fragile but so is our environment and the result we all saw in the film.
Lastly… Not lastly but lastly in this lot 2012, Tectonic shift and Africa becomes the roof of the world.
All these movies show us the power of the nature. And it is unstoppable.
A snake will almost always bite you if the snake is scared or is aggravated and likewise so will nature.

Carbon Credits & Footprints

Carbon is the building block of not only human life but of other life forms too, it is using this of carbon , better known as C-14 isotope that the archaeologists, paleoclimatologists have been to date objects and predict their correct life. It is using the knowledge of this carbon that we have been to make a classification for different epochs since our planets inception.

So important this carbon is , then how can it be a danger to us and our environment.

Confused….?

This carbon is not only a part of our body but also it is a part of fuels we burn to derive and generate energy , which is imminent for our survival but the rate at which we are doing this is alarming and we are harming our envirnoment thinking that if get too much into saving our environment ,it will cost the world’s economy hundreds of billions of dollars but what we fail to realise that the cost of doing nothing will act asl doom.

Apart from CO2 there are other green house gases like methane, nitrous oxide, fluoro carbon ,but these gases are much lower in concentration than carbon dioxide. Not only increasing levels of carbon dioxide but increasing levels of other green house gases are also potent greenhouse gases also pose a danger to our future. With our present actions we are trying to change the environment and not trying to protect and preserve it.

Carbon Footprint
                                                   Wondering what is this Tree

Trees

Carbon is the building block of life and it is using this carbon only that dating of the life/age of almost all things (having carbon content) can be predicted effectively. So important this carbon , Isn’t it ?. Economies all over the world are developing, with rapid industrialization we are using emitting a large amount of green houses gases into the atmosphere mainly carbon dioxide, but this carbon is not essential for us, though some of carbon dioxide is important for the atmosphere as it traps heta from sun and it prevents “Earth” from becoming a cold planet. But once the percentage of carbon dioxide /green house gases

It is not just the industries that are a contributor to the degradation of our environment but each and everyone amongst is a contributor to increase in % of these gases . We are leaving our footprints for our generations to time , not in the way to learn from our mistakes as History teaches us, but in a way that will make life tough for them and we better know these as ” Carbon Footprints”.

Footprint

Humans evolved to adapt to their surroundings but this evolution brought with it a footprint of human ” A Black and dark footprint” and not what we wanted for a cleaner and greener tommorow.

Some Sites to Calculate Carbon Footprint

Whenever you burn fossil fuels like petrol, gas, wood, etc, you inevitably generate the gas CO2 called carbon dioxide. This large emission of carbon dioxide is the main cause of global warming and all its side effects. Our goal must be to burn less fossil fuels for heating and for engines.

CO2 and carbon dioxide are just different names for exactly the same molecule.

Convert CO2 (kg) into C: multiply kg CO2 by 0.27

Convert C into CO2: multiply kg C by 3.70

Carbon Credit
As nations have progressed we have been emitting carbon, or gases which result in warming of the globe. Some decades ago a debate started on how to reduce the emission of harmful gases that contributes to the greenhouse effect that causes global warming. So, countries came together and signed an agreement named the “Kyoto Protocol” ( adopted under United Nations Framework for climate Change also known as UNFCC). It created a mechanism under which countries that have been emitting more carbon and other gases (greenhouse gases include ozone, carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide and even water vapour) have voluntarily decided that they will bring down the level of carbon they are emitting to the levels of early 1990s.

A company has two ways to reduce emissions. One, it can reduce the GHG (greenhouse gases) by adopting new technology or improving upon the existing technology to attain the new norms for emission of gases. Or it can tie up with developing nations and help them set up new technology that is eco-friendly, thereby helping developing country or its companies ‘earn’ credits.

Industries like cement, steel, textiles and fertilizers contribute around 60% of Green House Gases. Besides oil and gas and infact we humans are also responsible for these gases. The gases adversely affect the ozone layer, leading to global warming. Carbon credits seek to reduce these emissions by giving them a monetary value. One credit gives the owner the right to emit one ton of carbon dioxide. Such a credit can be sold in the international market at the prevailing market price. This means that carbon becomes a cost of business and is seen like other inputs such as raw materials or labor.

Carbon Credits:How do they work ?
Assume a company X has in a country of Timbactu and it is emitting more gases than the accepted norms of the United Nations Framework for Climate Change( UNFCC). It can tie up with its own subsidiary in, another country say Chinchpokli under the Clean Development Mechanism wherein It can buy the ‘carbon credit’ by making Chinchpokli plant more eco-savvy with the help of technology transfer.

            Clean Development Mechanism
Under the UNFCCC, charter any company from the developed world can tie up with a company in the developing country that is a signatory to the             Kyoto Protocol. These companies in developing countries must adopt newer technologies, emitting lesser gases, and save energy.

           MCX trading in carbon credits
Many companies did not apply to get credit even though they had new technologies. Some companies used management consultancies to make           their plan greener to emit less GHG. These management consultancies then scouted for buyers to sell carbon credits. It was a bilateral          deal.However, the price to sell carbon credits at was not available on a public platform. The price range people were getting used to was about          Euro 15 or maybe less per tonne of carbon. Today, one tonne of carbon credit fetches around Euro 22. It is traded on the European Climate          Exchange. Therefore, you emit one tonne less and you get Euro 22. Emit less and increase/add to your profit.MCX is the futures exchange. People         here are getting price signals for the carbon for the delivery in next five years. Our exchange is only for Indians and Indian companies. Every year, in         the month of December, the contract expires and at that time people who have bought or sold carbon will have to give or take delivery. They can         fulfill the deal prior to December too, but most people will wait until December because that is the time to meet the norms in Europe.

Say, if the Indian buyer thinks that the current price is low for him he will wait before selling his credits. The Indian government has not fixed any norms nor has it made it compulsory to reduce carbon emissions to a certain level. So, people who are coming to buy from Indians are actually financial investors. There is a huge requirement of carbon credits in Europe before 2012. Only those Indian companies that meet the UNFCCC norms and take up new technologies will be entitled to sell carbon credits.

The Multi-Commodity Exchange of India (MCX) may soon become the third exchange in the world to trade in carbon credits.[source]

Top 10 Environment Disasters

After reading from an Article in Time Magazine

  • Chernobyl
  • Bhopal
  • Kuwaiti Oil Fires
  • Love Canal
  • The Exxon Valdez
  • Tokaimura Nuclear Plant
  • The Aral Sea
  • Seveso Dioxin Cloud
  • Minamata Disease
  • Three Mile Island

These disasters occurred on different continents but they all are related to each.

Wait a Minute…But How?
Think Again…

All of the above disasters were a gift of the man to our planet. When our planet gives us fruits,vegetables, water, energy and in return  we do nothing.

Cost, Our Needs & Environment

Three years back I had posted a small note or I should an advisory for the future about my hometown and perhaps it can be inferred that will be case or is the case now almost everywhere. Even after three years and even after so much talk about the subject matter mentioned here, things have not changed.

When as I child I often used to visit my hometown of Palampur in Himachal Pradesh. It was a wonderful place to be, had a calm and serene environment and we didn’t needed a ceiling fan back then.

Now, I am working, things have changed  and so I don’t get a lot of time but still I try to be in Palampur once in a year. And what I have noticed during my past few visits is commercialization and the serene and calm environment seems to be lost somewhere. And this commercialization is increasing at the cost of something, which if we lose we won’t get it back…ever.

Our living standards have changed and almost everyone amongst is running after money so that we can have a better lifestyle but we are losing quickly what ought to be preserved.

There has to be balance between earning money & preserving our environment.